Anal swelling can occur for a variety of reasons. Most causes of a swollen anus are temporary and harmless, but some require medical attention. The anus is at the end of the rectum, and muscle surrounds it. Depending on the cause of the swelling, people may have additional symptoms, such as pain, itching, burning, or bleeding around the anus.
These are a group of conditions that affect the rectum and anus the end of the bowel where it meets the skin at the bottom and the skin surrounding the anus. They can be broadly grouped into four different categories based on symptoms:. Although sometimes socially embarrassing, itchy bottom also known as pruritus ani is very common and usually has a simple cause and remedy which can be self-managed. However, if the measures outlined below do not work your doctor should be consulted as antifungal or other creams may be indicated or other diagnoses considered. Itchy bottom is usually related to too much moisture such as sweat, irritation through scratching or chemical soaps which leads to further scratching or infection such as worms. In some women who have candida thrush in the vagina, the infection can extend to cause itching of the bottom.
What Causes an Anus to Become Hard? Causes and Treatment
Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on May 13, Hemorrhoids are lumps or masses of tissue in the anus, which contain enlarged blood vessels. Any increase in abdominal pressure may produce hemorrhoids. This may be from:.
The anus is that part of the intestinal tract that passes through the muscular canal of the pelvis and anal sphincters. It is the final orifice through which stool passes out of the body. In adults, the anus is 4 to 5 centimeters long. The lower half of the anal canal has sensitive nerve endings.